Voice flute in D after P. Bressan in A:415 and A:440 Hz
Peter Bressan (or Pierre Jaillard, 1685-1731) moved from Bourg en Bresse, France, to London, where he became one of the leading woodwind instrument makers at the time. He is regarded as the founder of the English style of recorder making, that was continued by the Stanesby’s, Bradbury and Schuchart. There are quite a lot of instruments left of him, most of them made with ivory fittings.
My voice flute is based on one of the two instruments from the collection of Frans Brüggen, it is made of stained boxwood with indeed the 4 ivory rings.
The voice flute can be seen as a very low alto, pitched a minor third lower than the alto. It is a true English type of recorder, it was only made in England. Thus strictly seen, we cannot regard the Denner tenor in D as a voice flute although it is pitched in a similar way; the bore shape and other dimensions are quite different and so is the sound. The voice flute can be used to play almost all traverso literature without transposing, they are both in D! The instrument takes its name from the human soprano voice, which has a similar reach. There isn’t a lot of original music written for voice flute; Suites 1-4 by Dieupart, a quintet in b by Loeillet for 2 traverso’s, two voice flutes and basso continuo, and several arrangements from the concerti grossi op. 6 by Corelli (edited by Walsh).